第四屆奧運會主辦國::奧運會申辦國

發布時間:2017-08-23分類:英語四級輔導
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In order to host the Olympics, a city must submit a proposal to the IOC. After all proposals have been submitted, the IOC votes. If no city with the fewest votes is eliminated,the voting continues, until a majority winner is determined. Typically the Games are awarded several years in advance, allowing the winning city time to prepare for the Games.

In selecting the site of the Olympic Games, the IOC considers a number of factors, and chiefly among them is which organizing committee seems most likely to stage the Games effectively. The IOC also considers which parts of the world have not yet hosted the Games. For instance, Tokyo, the host of the 1964 Summer Games, and Beijing, that of the 2008 Games, were chosen in part to popularize the Olympic movement in Asia. Because of growing importance television worldwide, the IOC in recent years has also taken into account the host city's time zone. Whenever the Games take place in the USA or Canada, for example, American television networks are willing to pay specially higher amounts for television rights because they can broadcast popular events live in the best viewing hours.

Once the Games have been awarded, it is the duty of the local organizing committee----not the IOC or the NOC of the host city's country to provide them with money. This is often done with a part of the Olympic television revenues, and corporate sponsorships,tickets sales, and other smaller revenue sources. In many cases there is also direct government support.

Although many cities have achieved amounts of money by hosting the Games, the Olympics can be financially risky. When the financial gains from the Games were less than expected, the city was left with large debts.

練習題:

Choose correct answers to the question:

1.During voting, the city ______ will win host of Olympics.
A. getting most votes in the first vote
B. getting more than half votes
C. being supported by a major city
D. going around successfully
2.In selecting the host city, the IOC will consider several factors EXCEPT________ .
A. the time zone of the host city
B. the existing facilities of the host city
C. whether the area has hosted the Games
D. whether profit could be made by the host city

3.According to the passage, one of the reasons for Tokyo to be the host of Olympics in 1964 may be _______.

A. it’s a major city of Japan
B. it's a famous city
C. it s a city in Asia
D. it's nice and cool in summer
4.Every Olympic Games is financed by ________.
A.the local government and the financial organizations
B.the local government and the organizing committee
C.the IOC and the National Olympic Committee
D.the local companies and the local media
5.The word "proceeds" in the last sentence most probably means "__________" .
A. sponsorship
B. reputation
C. financial support
D. financial profit

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